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The word "Arundinacea" in the Latin name for bamboo (Bambusa Arundinacea) refers to the appearance of the plant and means "like a reed". The Malaysians believed that bamboo had magical powers, and it was also used for the exudate collected from the joints (or nodes) of the female plants (bamboo with a hollow stem). This exudate is used in Indian medicine for its remineralizing properties, while in China it is considered to be a tonic.
A beech tree reaches adult age at around 60 years and lives from 200 to 250 years. It is known as the "tree of eternal youth." Beech trees have been used by man for thousands of years.
Bilberries have long been extolled for their dietary benefits and medicinal properties. The American doctor, Dr Allen, extracted a hypoglycemic agent from bilberry called myrtillin. This led him to name the fruit "plant insulin". Bilberries also contain anthocyanosides, which are known for improving night vision. They are what give blueberries their color.
Flowers of bitter orange are gathered exclusively by hand in the morning, before the flowers have opened completely. They are also called "Neroli", named after the enchanting princess Nerola of Rome, who loved the scent of bitter orange and began using it as a fragrance in the 16th century.
In the 18th century, blackcurrant was considered a cure-all. According to the "Traité du Cassis" (blackcurrant treatise), published in 1757, it was the "fruit of long life". Blackcurrant is traditionally used for the richness of its leaves and berries in cosmetic products.
Boswellia serrata (also known as the incense tree or olibanum tree) is the tree that grows in the arid and mountainous regions of India, Northern and Eastern Africa and the Middle East. It is used for its oleo-gum-resin, extracted from the tree.
Fucus vesiculosus is widespread in the Atlantic Ocean and the English Channel, where it lives attached to rocks along the seashore. It becomes detached from the rocks during the spring tides and washes up on the beach. The people call it "goémon" or "varech", according to the regions, meaning "flotsam". The name "Fucus" is derived from the Greek word "phycos", which means "seaweed". The species name, "vesiculosus", refers to the appearance of the thallus, with its many vesicles.
The name "Menyanthes" comes from the Greek words "mên" (month) and "anthos" (flower), making it the "flower of the month", which refers to the plant's flowering period. This aquatic plant has trifoliate leaves, earning it the name of "marsh clover".
Buckwheat, also called black wheat, can be traced as far back as 7000 BC. It is also called the "100-day plant", which refers to the fact that its cultivation period lasts three months, from June to the end of August.
One of the origins of the name "Narcissus" can be found in Greek mythology. A spell cast on a young man named Narcissus caused him to fall in love with his own image. When he died, he was turned into a flower that is renowned for its graceful beauty. Narcissus tazetta is native to Israel and is also known by the name of "bunchflower daffodil."
Buddleja (or Buddleia, Buddleya) is also called the "butterfly bush" (as butterflies find its fragrant flowers so irresistible) or "summer lilac" (due to the shape of its flowers).