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Camelina comes from the steppes of Asia, and has been cultivated since the Neolithic period. It is considered to be the most ancient edible oil. Camelina is an undemanding and very resistant plant, which grows easily in cereal or flax fields.
In January, on the snow-covered island of Oshima in Japan, the first flower to bloom is the camellia - the flower of the "tree that heralds spring". In Japan, the camellia is called "Tsubaki", which could mean "tree with thick leaves", "tree with shiny leaves".
Candeia is valued for its longevity and natural resistance to insects and mold. It is also valued for its essential oil, from which alpha-bisabolol is extracted. It also has a soft floral aroma and is used in various fragrances.
The carrot is one of the most cultivated root vegetables. It is the fruit of many improvements and selective breeding from a single species, the wild carrot, Daucus carota carota, native to Afghanistan.
Centella asiatica is renowned for healing the wounds of wild animals. This explains why it is also called "tiger grass". Centella asiatica is reputed to delay the aging process. Throughout the world, the plant is better known as "Gotu Kola".
The sweet chestnut tree is able to live for several hundred years and only starts to bear fruit once it has reached the age of 20. In parts of France, it is called "arbre à vie" (life tree)" as the fruit was a staple food for the farmers in France.
Wild chicory or bitter chicory has been renowned for its medicinal properties since ancient times. It has been mentioned by writers, doctors and patricians of the past such as Pliny the Elder, Dioscorides and Galien.
The name "Chlorella" comes from the Greek word "chloros" (meaning greenish-yellow) and the Latin word "ella" (meaning small). Chlorella is very nourishing, and in Japan it is considered to be a "food that promotes good health". It is also nicknamed the "green jewel" due to its capacity to trap and eliminate certain substances.
One of the particular characteristics of Cistus ladaniferus is that it secretes an aromatic resin called ladanum, which protects it and prevents dehydration. The leaves and branches are cut after the flowering period to obtain an ambery highly prized in perfumery.
The name "kaolin" comes from the first deposit - known in China under the name of Kao-Ling. Kaolin is a very common mineral and can be found in clay and magmatic rocks.
According to legend, the cacao tree was given to man by the god Quetzalcoatl to express his gratitude for the heroic action of an Aztec princess. From her blood grew the cacao tree, whose fruits conceal a treasure: bitter, strong and red seeds.
In Polynesian legend, it is said that the first two coconut palms originated from the buried lord of the sea, Te Tuna. When polynesians shell a coconut, they always find the eyes and mouth of Te Tuna.
The name "Echinacea" comes from the Latin word "echinus" (meaning hedgehog) and relates to the conical form of the center of its flower. The name "purpurea" refers to the pink and purple color of the petals.
The name "Copaïba" comes from the Guarani word Kupa’iwa, meaning "which contains something within" in reference to the oleoresin extracted by making incisions in the trunk of the tree that the native Indians of South America seal with wax after each harvest.
Corallines play an important role in the construction, structure and consolidation of coral reefs, where they act rather like a cement. The distinctive stony appearance of Corallina officinalis has earned it the name "plant coral".
The French word for poppy owes its name to its red color. "Coq" means rooster, and "coquelicot" refers to the red of a rooster's crest, as well as its cry (formerly written "coquericot", now "cocorico" - the French equivalent of cock-a-doodle-doo).
In the past, cornflower was renowned for its softening properties but also for its ability to relieve eye problems. In France, it was nicknamed "casse-lunette" (eyeglasses-breaker) due to its blue color (the result of the presence of anthocyanosides), which symbolized healthy eyes.
Cotton has been used since the dawn of time in India and America. Above all, it is considered a textile plant: "botanical wool". Like fluffy white balls of snow, cotton is often associated with purity and softness.
The cypress is native to the region around the Aegean Sea. It has marked the landscape, customs and traditions of the Mediterranean region since ancient times. Traditionally, it is planted in groups of three or in rows to form hedges that will protect crops from the wind.