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"Witch hazel" was given its name by early European settlers because of its resemblance to the European hazel and also because native American witch doctors attributed it with having therapeutic and magical benefits. American Indians used mainly the leaves for their decongesting and healing properties. The Latin name for witch hazel is "hamamelis", which comes from the Greek words "hama" (together with) and "melon" (fruit) - referring to the fact that the shrub can bear flowers and fruits at the same time.
Corylus avellana is also known by the names of common hazel, cobnut and aveleira. The Latin name « Corylus » (hazel tree) comes from the Greek word « korus », meaning helmet, which refers to the hazelnut shell. « Avellana » refers to the town of Abella, located in a mountainous region of Italy, where hazel trees are abundant.
Very popular as a vegetable or condiment in Africa, India and South America, the fruit is known as a "gumbo", "okra" or "bhindi" depends on different countries. The seeds are commonly used in traditional medicine and as food for their high nutritional value.
The flowers of Hibiscus sabdariffa are used to make a drink whose name differs from one country to another. It can be called Flor de Jamaica, karkade or bissap (tropical America and Sub-Saharan Africa). In many African countries, it is considered the national drink, and it can also be served as a tea, hence its name "Egyptian red tea".
Rosa centifolia, considered to be one of the most important of the ancient rose varieties, is one of the two main species of rose sought after to make rose essential oil. Artists were drawn to its beauty and it became known as the "painter's rose". Grown in the Mediterranean basin, southern Asia and Europe (Holland, France), its other names include the Holland rose and Grasse rose.